Subject: The Age of Atlantis - Were the Azores Atlantis ??
To Dweller and Petrich.
Both Mr. Weller and Petrich are given expressed permission to
archive this post and repost it whenever they feel that it is
"... the age of our civilization (Egyptian) ... is eight thousand
and Europe until Etruria..."
Does this sound like Thera/Santorini?
Either we believe Plato or not. If we believe him, there was
an island named Atlantis about the place were Azores are today
11500 years ago. Or we do not believe and then we have no
knowledge of a possible Atlantis anywhere at any time.
Regardless of whether Thera is Atlantis and regardless of whether
a person believes that Plato told the truth or not, the considerable
amount of research that has been done concerning the geology,
volcanology, and oceanology of the Azores islands demonstrates
that the Azores islands were never a single island. They are very
much the same size and position today as they were 10,000 to 12,000
years ago (Saemundsson 1986, Moore 1992). Furthermore, numerous
cores taken and described by Huang et al. (1979) clearly demonstrate
that the Azores Platform, the undersea plateau on which the Azores
rests has always been submerged beneath 500 to 1,000 meters of
The Azores islands consist of stratovolcanoes created by the triple
plate junction between the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the East Azore
Fracture Zone. Except for Sao Miguel and Teceira Islands which
consist of very closely space-coalesced volcanic cones, all of the
other islands consist of individual stratovolcanoes. Never at any
time were these islands connected to another island. These
volcanoes rise from a depth of 2,000 m to in one case, Pico
Island, to an elevation over 2,000 m. The oldest known
rocks exposed at the surface range in age from 4.0 to 4.5 million
years B.P. Generally the subaerial parts of the islands consist
of volcanics ranging in age from 700,000 to 100,000 B.P.
veneered by volcanics erupted during last thousand years to
modern times. All of the geological mapping, offshore
multichannel seismic, deep onshore geothermal coring
investigations, deepsea cores, and other geologic research
clearly show that these islands were always separate islands
created by the upward building of individual stratovolcanoes
throughout at least the last 15 million years. In summary,
there is an absolute lack of any evidence for the Azores
having ever been a single island and overwhelming
evidence against such an island having ever existed
It should be noted that of all of the Azores, only on Furnas
Volcano which forms only a third of Sao Miguel Island, have
volcanic deposits dating between 10,000 to 12000 B.P. been
recognized (Moore 1992). Elsewhere, this interval is represented
by paloesols, entrenched valleys, and subaerial unconformities
indicative of a lack of any catastrophic volcanic or any other
activity. There is absolutely a lack of any evidence for a regional
Azores catastrophe in the outcropping strata for the period between
10,000 to 12,000 B.P.
Volcanic ashes and microfossils within the cores collected by Huang
et al. (1979) clearly indicate that the Azores Plateau existed as a
subsea (1000 - 1500 meters deep) plateau as far back as middle
Miocene (15 million B.P.). Since that period of time it has built
upward as individual volcanos built their separate islands
(Saemundsson 1986). These cores faithfully record the ashfall
from numerous volcanic eruptions. Although there are clear evidence
for cataclysmic caldera eruptions at 33,600 and 125,000 years ago
and two slightly smaller eruptions sometime within that interval,
e is a complete lack of any evidence for any catastrophic
events happening after 33,600, except for normal volcanic activity
(Huang et al. 1979).
These cores disprove Azores having been a single island in two ways.
First, if the Azores were blasted from a single island between 10,000
to 13,000 B.P., then the Pleistocene sediments recovered from Cores
1, 2, 33, 34, 35, 36, and 37 should not exist. However, these cores,
which lie between individual islands or on the Azores Plateau, all
recovered oceanic deepsea sediments older than 1 million years.
Finally, the cores taken within a 100 to 150 km of the Azores
should contain a layer of debris blasted from the Azores
about 10,000 to 13,000 B.P. if the cataclysmic catastrophe that you
claimed occurred actually happened. Anybody who takes the time
and trouble to read through Huang et al. (1979) will find that
evidence for such a catastrophe is lacking, although older caldera
eruptions have been faithfully recorded. Thus, there exists
considerable evidence that proves Mr. Nimora's hypothesis
that the Azores once consisted of a single island destroyed
by a catastrophe about 10,000 to 12,000 B.P. is incorrect and
People might have other ideas of where Atlantis might be located,
but a simple review of the available geological research clearly
indicates that the Azores cannot be one of them. To keep insisting
that the Azores Islands were once Atlantis is ignore the geological
data that clearly falsifies this hypothesis. Mr. Niroma and others
may disagree with Dr. Pellegrino, but unlike them, he has at least
taken the time to make sure that his hypothesis is consistent with
the known geological facts.
Huang, T. C., Watkins, N. D., and Wilson, L., 1979, Deep-sea
tephra from the Azores during the past 300,000 years: eruptive
cloud height and ash volume estimates. Geological Society of
America Bulletin, Part II, pp. 235-288.
Moore, Richard B., 1991, Geology of Three Late Quaternary
Stratovolcanoes on Sao Miguel, Azores. U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 1900, 46 pp.
Saemundsson 1986, Chapter 5, Subaerial volcanism in the
western Atlantic. In The Western North Atlantic Region, The
Geology of North America, R. T. Vogt and B. E., Tucholke,
pp. 69-86, Vol. M, The Geology of North America, Geological
Society of America, Boulder, Colorado.
NOTE: I personally apologize to the Portuguese of the Azores for
not including proper umlauts, accents, and other such symbols used
to properly spell words and names in their language. However,
at this time, my ignorance of computers prevents me from finding
a way of posting these characters that are an essential part and
parcel of their language.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
Stewart's Rule of Thumb
Nothing is too weird for most people to believe, including
myself and yourself, if it supports something they want to
If science could not accept new ideas and if we still keep the bonds of gradualism to combat religious-like belief then a new hypothesis cannot stand a chance.